Although Brexit dominates the news, there will be a number of important employment law developments in 2019.
Post-Brexit immigration rule changes
Regardless of whether a deal on the UK's exit from the EU is agreed, the rules around the employment of EU nationals will change sooner or later.
Once the UK leaves the EU, free movement will end, although in practice this is likely to be delayed pending legislation to repeal the current arrangements. Also, it will take time to put in place the practical arrangements necessary to make this possible.
The government has introduced a scheme under which EU workers already in the UK will be able to apply for "settled status", to be able to live and work in the UK indefinitely.
However, employers need to be aware that, going forward, the employment of workers from the EU is likely to be subject to restrictions in the same way as the employment of other foreign nationals, so will need to adjust their recruitment processes accordingly. Recruitment and retention policies will need to be reviewed for effective workforce planning.
Extend itemised pay statements to workers
From 6 April 2019, the right to an itemised pay statement will extend to workers, not just employees.
Further, where a member of staff's pay varies according to time worked, the employer will have to include on the itemised pay statement the total number of hours worked for which variable pay is received.
This can be done either as an aggregate figure or as separate figures for different types of work or different rates of pay.
Publish second gender pay gap report
Employers with 250 or more employees on the "snapshot date" (31 March in the public sector and 5 April in the private and voluntary sectors) must report on their percentage gender pay gap annually within 12 months of that date.
This means that the deadlines for the second round of reports are 30 March or 4 April 2019. Employers need to gear up to publish their second report, if they have not done so already.
Organisations must publish reports on their website and on the GOV.UK website. In the private and voluntary sectors, reports must also be accompanied by a written statement confirming their accuracy, and be signed by a senior person as prescribed by the legislation.
There is no obligation on employers to provide a narrative around any gender pay gap but they should bear in mind that an explanation may help to limit any reputational damage. Given that comparisons are likely be made with the previous year's report, consider highlighting any reduction in the gap or be able to provide good reasons for any increases in the gap.
Be aware of national minimum wage rate increases
The national living wage is due to increase to £8.21 per hour from 1 April 2019.
Other national minimum wage rates are also due to increase, with hourly rates rising to £7.70 for workers aged at least 21 but under 25, to £6.15 for workers aged at least 18 but under 21 and to £4.35 for workers aged under 18 who are no longer of compulsory school age.
The hourly apprentice rate will increase to £3.90 and the daily accommodation offset will increase to £7.55.
Limits on Tribunal awards and statutory payments to increase from April 2019
The weekly amount for statutory family pay rates will increase on the 7 April to £148.68 for 2019/20. This rate will apply to maternity pay, adoption pay, paternity pay, shared parental pay and maternity allowance.
The weekly rate for statutory sick pay will increase to £94.25 from 6 April 2019.
In cases involving dismissal, the new limits on Tribunal awards will apply where the effective date of termination falls on or after 6 April 2019:
- The maximum limit on a week’s pay £525
- Maximum compensatory award for unfair dismissal £86,444
- Minimum basic award for certain unfair dismissals £6,408
Start preparing for parental bereavement leave and pay
The government has confirmed that it intends to introduce a right for bereaved parents to take paid time off work.
Under the current proposals, bereaved parents will be able to take leave as a single two-week period, as two separate periods of one week each, or as a single week. They will have 56 weeks from their child's death to take leave.
The new right is expected to come into force in April 2020, but employers should start preparing for it during 2019, and could decide to introduce their own bereavement leave policy if they don't already have one.